Environmental

Environmental

 

Alternative Fuels: A Roundtable Discussion on the Use of Biodiesel in Municipal Fleets pdf
This publication is a roundtable discussion on alternative fuels and the benefits and advantages of using biodiesel in municipal vehicles. Connecticut T2 Center

Best Management Practices for Environmental Issues Related to Highway and Street Maintenance pdf 
Manual provides information on environmental issues related to roads. TRB.

Best Management Practices for Mowing pdf
A fact sheet on invasive plants and the best management practices for mowing to prevent the spread invasive plants by spreading seeds and other plant material. NHDOT.

Best Management Practices for Resolving Human-Beaver Conflicts in Vermont pdf
Information on Beaver Management in Vermont, biology and behavior of beavers, defining the problem and best management practices for handling human-beaver conflicts. Vermont Fish & Wildlife Department.

Best Management Practices for Roadside Invasive Plants pdf
The intent of this manual is to bring awareness to invasive plants. The information in this manual is meant as guidance for maintenance and construction personnel, as well as contractors working for the Department. NHDOT.

Best Management Practices for Routine Roadway Maintenance Activities in NH pdf 
Information for personnel to select appropriate BMP's to specific sites and conditions, which employ the most responsive control measures for protecting the environment. NHDOT & NHDES.

Biology and Management of Ticks in New Hampshire pdf 
This publication informs on what ticks look like, how they live, the diseases they spread, how to manage tick problems, and how to protect yourself from tick-borne diseases (UNH Cooperative Extension).

China Earthquake Reconnaissance Report: Performance of Transportation Structures During the May 12, 2008, M7.9 Wenchuan Earthquake pdf  
This report documents the lessons learned from damage caused in the May 12, 2008, M7.9 earthquake in Wenchuan County, China. The damage to the 14 observed bridges reminded the researchers of damage suffered during the 1971 San Fernando Earthquake in California. The bridges had few seismic details such as long seats, large shear keys, or tightly spaced transverse reinforcement. Most arch and girder bridges collapsed due to surface rupturing of the seismic faults in the Longmen-Shan thrust zone. A significant portion of roadways and bridges were pushed away or buried by landslides in the steep slopes of mountainous terrain. Damage to bridge superstructure included unseating of girders, longitudinal and transverse offset of decks, pounding at expansion joints, and shear key failure. The bearings of several girder bridges were either crushed or displaced significantly. The substructure and foundation of bridges were subjected to shear and flexural cracks, concrete spalling, stirrup rupture, excessive displacement, and loss of stability.More damage occurred in simply supported bridges than in continuous spans. Curved bridges either collapsed orsuffered severe damage. Evidence of directivity effects on bridges near the earthquake epicenter was observed during the earthquake. The San Fernando earthquake significantly changed the seismic design and construction of bridges in the United States. The Wenchuan earthquake is expected to have the same significance for China’s bridge engineers. FHWA

Common Roadside Invasives
This laminated field guide has illustrations and names of various herbaceous weeds to help identify what weeds are growing near roadsides to remove and prevent future growth. FHWA.

Controlling Nonpoint Source Runoff Pollution from Roads, Highways and Bridges URL
Roads, highways, and bridges are a source of significant contributions of pollutants to our nation's waters. Contaminants from vehicles and activities associated with road and highway construction and maintenance are washed from roads and roadsides when it rains or snow melts. A large amount of this runoff pollution is carried directly to water bodies.EPA, 1995.

Culvert Design for Aquatic Organism Passage pdf
This publication explains how to design culverts with aquatic life in mind. FHWA, October 2010.

Current and Innovative Solutions to Roadside Revegetation Using Native Plants
This report summarizes the observations, discussions and borad conclusions of nationally-recognized revegetation specialists during the 2009 scan tour. A key finding was that there are many interconnected elements involved in both the technical and non-technical aspects of the revegetation process - all of which should be addressed in a project revegetation plan. Notably, the non-technical aspects--planning, design, implementation, monitoring, and maintenance--were found to be just as critical to the success of revegetation projects as the technical aspects. FHWA, January 2011. 

Environmental Fact Sheet - Minimum Impact BMPs for Maintenance of Large Woody Material in Streams and Rivers
This info sheet is about large woody material, and when and why to remove it or not to remove it from rivers and streams. NHDES.

Environmentally Sensitive Maintenance for Dirt and Gravel Roads url
This manual identifies, documents, and encourages the use of environmentally sensitive maintenance of dirt and gravel roads. The document provides insight into using natural systems and innovative technologies to reduce erosion, sediment, and dust pollution while more effectively and efficiently maintaining dirt and gravel roads and gives the users a "tool box" full of environmentally sensitive maintenance "tools" and practices. PADOT.

Erosion, Sediment and Runoff Control for Roads and Highways url  
The Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 established a program for states to voluntarily develop comprehensive programs to protect and manage coastal water resources. There are now 29 coastal states and territories with federally approved coastal management programs. The Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments (CZARA) of 1990 specifically charged coastal states and territories with upgrading their runoff pollution control programs to protect coastal waters. EPA.

Essential Fish Habitat - Habitat Conservation Division url
The Habitat Conservation Division of the Northeast Regional Office is charged with the protection, management, and enhancement of the nation's marine fishery resources. This website also lists information on EFH designations, descriptions, consultations, and EFH source documents. EFH

Forest Products Road Manual: A Handbook for Municipal Officials and The Forest Products Industry
This manual is a guide to help improve the understanding of laws which govern public roadways. It also includes contact information for New Hampshire City and Town Clerk Offices, as well as helpful Highway District contacts.

Guide to Invasive Upland Plant Species 
Current laws and regulations concerning invasive plants, including control methods, a glossary of terms, and detailed pictures for identification. NH Dept of Agriculture & NH Invasive Species Committee.

Guide for Temporary Debris Storage and Reduction Sites pdf
This document provides help for municipalities for pre-storm and post-storm work, and is designed to help municipalities reduce debris quickly and efficiently. State of Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection

Wetlands Bureau URL
Assists municipalities in preparation of their Wetlands Notification and permitting process. NHDES.

Impaired Waters Review Information URL
This site visualizes maps of impaired waters by county. NHDES.

Instructions for Use of the Notification of Routine Roadway and Railway Maintenance Activities PDF
Notification form and process for use by public or private entities that are proposing to conduct certain routine roadway and railway maintenance in wetlands, surface waters, and other protected areas. NHDES.

Invasive Plants
It is illegal in New Hampshire to knowingly collect, transport, sell, distribute, propagate or transplant any living or viable portion of any listed prohibited invasive plant species including all of their cultivars, varieties, and specified hybrids. This page, provided by the NH Department of Agriculture, Markets & Food, contains very useful info pertaining to invasive species control, programs, and other helpful links. 

Management of Downed Trees and Other Vegetative Debris PDF
This document is a fact sheet explaining what municipalities can do to manage downed trees and debris after a storm. State of Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection.

Mowing Smart: A Cost-Saving and Eco-Friendly Policy pdf
This policy, condensed from the 2007 MNDOT Maintenance Manual, is intended for use by state, county, and township road maintenance authorities and is endorsed by MN/DOT and the DNR. MNDOT.

Municipal Solid Waste in the United States pdf
This report describes the national municipal solid waste (MSW) stream based on data collected for 1960 through 2007. The historical perspective is useful for establishing trends in types of MSW generated and in the ways it is managed. EPA.

NHDES Wetlands Bureau URl
This website contains many resources regarding wetlands in New Hampshire, and includes rules and regulations, forms and applications, technical assistance, and permits. NHDES.

New Hampshire Water Resources Primer PDF
This is the first document that contains all of the water related topics of importance to New Hampshire policy makers. It is meant to provide the reader with an understanding of the complex and interrelated nature of water resources and water resource issues. It is also formatted to provide topic specific chapters that can be used to understand particular subjects. NHDES.

NonPoint Source Pollution 
Revised from the May 1994 edition, this guide describes the causes of nonpoint source pollution, and suggests ways that NPS pollution can be prevented. EPA.

Pitstops Manual: An Environmental Guide for Automobile Service Facilities
Rules, regulations, and management options for automotive service facility managers. NHDES, 1998.

Pollution Control for Roads, Highways, and Bridges URL 
Roads, highways, and bridges contribute measurable amounts of pollutants to our nation's waters. A number of federal regulations and programs address runoff pollution during the construction, operation, and maintenance of roads, highways, and bridges. Both federal and state governments play a vital role in implementing these programs. EPA.

Postearthquake Reconnaissance Report on Transportation Infrastructure Impact of the February 27, 2010, Offshore Maule Earthquake in Chile PDF  
This report documents the findings and lessons learned from the February 27, 2010, M8.8 offshore Maule earthquake in Chile. Fewer than 0.15 percent of the bridges in Chile’s inventory, most built after 1995, collapsed or suffered damage that rendered them useless. Many spans of precast prestressed discontinuous girder bridges with continuous decks fell off their supports, probably due to significant in-plane rotation of the superstructure as a result of severe shaking. Lateral steel stoppers used to provide both vertical and lateral restraints on girders were largely unsuccessful due to their inadequate connection detail to cap beams and abutments. Reinforced concrete shear keys performed well as fuses limiting the transfer of excessive seismic loads from the superstructure to the foundation of bridges even though they could be optimized for maximum energy dissipation as part of the lateral restraint system at the bottom flange of girders. Vertical seismic bars were widely used to restrain the vertical motion of decks, and they also performed well. Bridge substructures (foundation, column, and cap beam) generally behaved satisfactorily except for two columns that suffered shear failure due to ground settlement and lateral spreading. All mechanically stabilized earth walls exceeded the expected performance. FHWA.

Recommended Practices Manual: A Guideline for Maintenance and Service of Unpaved Roads URl
A written manual of standard procedures which describe and illustrate cost effective techniques and practices which can be used to enhance stability and maintenance of unpaved roadways while reducing sedimentation and improving the quality of surface waters in the Choctawhatchee, Pea and Yellow Rivers Watershed Management Authority (CPYRWMA) counties in south Alabama and northwest Florida. Choctawhatchee, Pea and Yellow Rivers Watershed Mgmt. Authority & EPA, February 2000.

Salt In Our Waters URL
This article discusses this emerging issue for NH communities. New Hampshire Town and City, Carolyn Russell, March 2007.

Solid Waste Management-Household Garbage, Debris Management PDF
This document is intended for both municipalities and residents, and instructs them on how to manage debris and household garbage. State of Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection.

Stream Barrier Removal Monitoring Guide PDF
This guide offers municipalities a framework for monitoring the changes that occur when stream barriers are removed. It also provides methods for monitoring. River Restoration Monitoring Steering Committee, December 2007.

Vegetation Control for Safety PDF
Vegetation, if not controlled, can present a safety hazard for several reasons: Trees close to the road can present a fixed object hazard; tall grass, weeds, brush, and tree limbs obscure or limit a driver's view of the road ahead, traffic control devices, approaching vehicles, wildlife and livestock, and pedestrians and bicyclists. FHWA, August 2008.

Water/Road Interaction Field Guide URL
Damaging problems due to water/road interaction, including information on how to identify causes and improve existing problems. USDA Forest Service.

Wildlife Vehicle Collision Reduction Training URL
This website provides training for municipalities in reducing vehicle collisions with wildlife. FHWA.

2011 New Hampshire: Tropical Storm Irene pdf  
This report presents a detailed overview of the preparation, response and outcomes of PSNH’s historic achievement. Along the way, we once again witnessed the pride, compassion, and resiliency of the people of New Hampshire. We saw many whose lives were totally disrupted by Tropical Storm Irene selflessly reach out to take care of neighbors, and to share food as well as heartfelt words of encouragement with our line crews and other emergency responders in the field. PSNH.