Accessible Sidewalks and Street Crossings
Designing appropriate, legal, and safe structures for pedestrians with disabilities. USDOT & FHWA.
Accident Mitigation Guide for Congested Rural Two-Lane Highways - NCHRP Report 440
This guide will assist planners, designers, and traffic engineers in identifying and designing projects to improve safety on congested rural two-lane highways. The guide assumes that widening the road to four lanes is not a practical solution because of financial, environmental, or societal constraints. Geometric, traffic control, and other types of countermeasures are discussed. (TRB).
Addressing Safety on Locally-Owned and Maintained Roads
Locally-owned road safety remains a challenge to many States. The report provides States with valuable information to launch a local road safety program or implement documented practices to improve an established program, including how-tos on data collection and analysis; local project identification; local project administration; funding; training and technical assistance; outreach and partnerships between State Departments of Transportation (DOTs) and local agencies.
Administrative Rules for Safety and Health
Codes and rules for employee safety and health. NH Department of Labor.
Airgas Safety Booklet
This booklet explains how to safely handle and transport compressed gases. Airgas, Inc.
Asset Management and Safety Peer Exchange
The peer exchange addressed various aspects of asset management and safety – How can one improve safety performance through better asset management? What are effective ways to manage safety assets? How do agencies plan, prioritize, and budget safety asset needs? Managers from state DOTs and FHWA gathered to dialogue on best practices, challenges, and sharing of experiences.
Barrier Guide for Low Volume and Low Speed Roads
he Guide is prepared specifically to provide assistance in the warranting, selection, and design of roadside barriers on Federal Lands Highways projects that are low volume and/or for low speed facilities. USDOT, FHWA, Federal Lands Highway, November, 2005.
This manual will act as a management tool and as a technical guideline for routine maintenance activites that impact wetlands. These routine orientations of existing culverts, steam bank stabiliztion, roadside ditch mainteance, and headwall repair, replacement and construction.
Best Practices of Road Weather Management
Contains resources to help traffic managers, emergency managers and winter maintenance managers learn how to mitigate the impact of weather threats on roadways. The CD contains: Case studies of road weather management systems; A listing of road weather publications; An overview of environmental sensor technologies; and Online resources. May 2003.
Bicycle Safer Journey
This interactive CD-ROM is a virtual journey designed to increase your awareness of bicycle safety. Its use is intended for the general public, road user, safety advocates, and safety professionals. USDOT & FHWA.
Blind Areas Around Equipment
NIOSH is introducing a new web page on blind areas around equipment. The web page, designed for safety personnel and instructors, can be used to raise awareness on the hazards of working around construction vehicles and equipment. Blind area diagrams for 38 types of construction equipment are available for download or print. National Institute on Occupational Health & Safety.
Call Dig Safe Before You Dig
Regulations and helpful laws regarding digging. DigSafe System, Inc.
Chainsaw Safety Fact Sheet
Fact sheet about proper use and maintenance of a chainsaw. American Red Cross.
Chain Saw Safety
Preventing accidents and proper maintenance of a chain saw. UNH T2 Center.
Chainsaw Safety: Who Should be Wearing Personal Protective Equipment?
A safety brief explaining the required PPE for chainsaw usage. Connecticut T2 Center.
Chain Saw Safety Tips
Quick tips card outlining chain saw safety and accident prevention. OSHA.
Chipper Machine Safety Tips
Quick tips card outlining chipper machine safety and accident prevention. OSHA.
Field manual provides practical tools in areas such as erosion control, safety, surveying, and methods and materials. ConstructionWork.
Contractor Beware: Your Real-Life Guide to Power Line Safety
Working safely around power lines and electricity. Public Service of NH.
Countermeasures that Work: A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide for State Highway Safety Offices
This guide is a basic reference to assist State Highway Safety Offices (SHSOs) in selecting effective, science-based traffic safety countermeasures for major highway safety problem areas. USDOT& NHTSA, 2009.
Dig Safe Brochure
A basic Dig Safe overview for the general public. Dig Safe System, INC.
Department of Justice/Department of Transportation Joint Technical Assistance on the Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act Requirements to Provide Curb Ramps when Streets, Roads, or Highways are Altered through Resurfacing
This publication answers questions pertaining to where curb ramps need to be provided, when resurfacing is considered an alteration, and what kinds of treatments constitute maintenance rather than an alteration.
Desktop Reference for Crash Reduction Factors
This Desktop Reference documents the estimates of the crash reduction that might be expected if a specific countermeasure or group of countermeasures is implemented with respect to intersections, roadway departure and other non-intersection crashes, and pedestrian crashes. FHWA, September 2007.
Developing Safety Plans: A Manual for Local Rural Road Owners
Local road practitioners across the country play a critical role in addressing crash risks at the local level and may be able to identify the specific or unique conditions that contribute to crashes within their jurisdictions. The Local Road Safety Plan (LRSP) offers a foundation for consensus and focus. It defines key emphasis areas and strategies that impact local rural roads and provides a framework to accomplish safety enhancements at the local level. The LRSP helps communities take a proactive stance in reducing and preventing local road fatalities and injuries. This document guides the development of an LRSP
Directions in Highway Safety
GHSA's printed newsletter Directions in Highway Safety contains articles for GHSA members and others interested in highway safety issues. GHSA mails hard copies of the newsletter to Members, reporters and industry partners. The newsletter is also published online for general readership. Governor's Highway Safety Association, Summer 2009.
Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) in New Hampshire, 2009
Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) is a mosquito-spread disease of birds that sometimes is transmitted (via mosquito bite) to horses and people. The risk of serious injury or death is high for those who become sick with the disease. In 2005, there were 21 human cases of EEE in the United States. New Hampshire led the nation with seven cases and two deaths. The number of NH cases has gone down since then. UNH Cooperative Extension.
Educating Your Residents on Work Zone Safety: Safety Brief
This publication is designed to educate residents and drivers on the role they play in keeping work zones safe. Connecticut Technology Transfer Center.
Emergency Response Guidebook
For emergency service personnel first responders to transportation accidents involving hazardous material. It includes information on quick identification of material involved and protection and safety during response. USDOT, Transport Canada, and the SCT.
A University of New Hampshire press release designed to inform workers about the benefits of ergonomically designed workspaces. UNH.
Evaluation of Lane Reduction "Road Diet" Measures on Crashes
A road diet involves narrowing or eliminating travel lanes on a roadway to make more room for pedestrians and bicyclists.(1) While there can be more than four travel lanes before treatment, road diets are often conversions of four-lane, undivided roads into three lanes—two through lanes plus a center turn lane (see figure 1 and figure 2). The fourth lane may be converted to a bicycle lane, sidewalk, and/or on-street parking. In other words, the existing cross section is reallocated. This was the case with the two sets of treatments in the current study. Both involved conversions of four lanes to three at almost all sites.
A comprehensive pocket manual that offers information about Dig Safe operations, excavator requirements, and safety tips. Dig Safe System, INC.
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations
Links and information to reduce crashes, injuries and fatalities involving large trucks and buses. USDOT & FHWA.
FHWA Road Safety Audit Guidelines
FHWA Road Safety Audit
These guidelines are to provide a foundation for public agencies and tribal governments in the U.S. to reference when developing their own road safety audit policies and procedures and when conducting road safety audits with their jurisdictions. USDOT & FHWA.
FHWA Safety Program
This website has information on the Highway Safety Improvement Program, Intersection Safety, Local and Rural Roads Safety, and Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety. FHWA
Final Rule on Work Zone Safety and Mobility
A brochure and four fact sheets related to the updated work zone safety and mobility rule. FHWA.
Fire Safety and Prevention
Tips on fire prevention and safety, including information on smoke detectors, from the National Fire Protection Association in Quincy, MA.
Flagger Do's and Don'ts
This handout gives a quick overview of what flaggers should and shouldn't do. Adapted from Kansas LTAP Center.
This website is a quick resource regarding what flaggers should avoid, the main hazard of flagging, and how flaggers can protect themselves. Laborers Health & Safety Fund of North America, 2007.
Descriptions and illustrations of proper signaling methods, such as stopping traffic, safe for traffic to proceed, and to alert or slow traffic when flagging. ToolBox Topics.
Fumigant Marking Requirements
A brochure outlining marking requirements for a transport vehicle or freight container in which the lading has been fumigated. USDOT.
Good Practices: Incorporating Safety into Resurfacing and Restoration Projects
Integrating safety improvements into resurfacing is a resource efficient method of pursuing both infrastructure and safety goals. Incorporating selected, cost-effective safety improvements in resurfacing and restoration projects can provide extended public benefits. USDOT & FHWA, December 2006.
Guidance of Traffic Control Devices at Highway-Rail Grade Crossings
Engineers selection of traffic control devices or other measures at highway-rail grade crossings by discussing existing laws and policies. USDOT & FHWA.
A Guide for Maintaining Pedestrian Facilities for Enhanced Safety
A Guide for Maintaining Pedestrian Facilities for Enhanced Safety provides guidance for maintaining pedestrian facilities with the primary goal of increasing safety and mobility. The Guide addresses the needs for pedestrian facility maintenance; common maintenance issues; inspection, accessibility, and compliance; maintenance measures; funding; and construction techniques to reduce future maintenance. FHWA, October 2013.
Guide for Preparing Hazardous Materials Incidents Reports
The information provided in this report is fundamental to hazardous material transportation risk analysis and risk management by government and industry. USDOT, January 2004.
Guide for Reducing Speeding-Related Crashes
The range of strategies available in the guides covers various aspects of the road user, the highway, the vehicle, the environment, and the management system. NCHRP
Guidelines for Temporary Traffic Control in Work Zones
This publication explains standard guidelines for how to safely control traffic during work zones. FHWA.
Guidelines for the Selection of W-Beam Barrier Terminals
This presentation has been prepared to provide information to designers and to construction/maintenance personnel responsible for selecting and properly installing the most appropriate terminal design at any site. In addition to showing the actual crash performance of each terminal type, this presentation provides guidance on proper site grading and presents real world examples of both appropriate and inappropriate installations. FHWA.
Hard Hat Use-Safety Brief
This document explains the importance of hard hat usage, and informs employees when hard hats are necessary. Connecticut Technology Transfer Center
Hazardous Materials Regulations
This workbook instructs on how to locate parts, subparts, sections and references within the HMR; locate and tab reference sections of the HMR; and use the HMR to locate specific information. USDOT.
Hazardous Materials Transportation Enhanced Security Requirements
This booklet explains security plans, training, how to make a security assessment, and suggested security measures. USDOT.
Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety Infopack
This packet contains useful information, including a guide for preparing hazardous materials, a hazardous materials marking, labeling and placarding guide, how to use hazardous materials regulations, fumigant marking requirements, and hazardous materials transportation enhanced security requirements. USDOT.
Highway Safety Grant Management Manual
A compilation of governmental documents covering Section 402, SAFETEA-LU incentive grants, transfer funds, TEA-21 incentive funds, and other types of funding. GHSA, revised January, 2007.
Highway Safety Improvement Program Manual
The Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) is intended to significantly reduce traffic fatalities and serious injuries on public roads through the implementation of improvements outlined in this manual. FHWA.
Highway Safety Information System
This brochure explains the Highway Safety Information System, which is a roadway-based system that provides quality data on a large number of accident, roadway, and traffic variables. FHWA 2011.
Various hoisting signals. Safety Talk.
How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan
The U.S. Federal Highway Administration has released a report that examines potential ways to plan for and improve pedestrian safety at the state or local level. This guide can be used by engineers, planners, traffic safety and enforcement professionals, public health and injury prevention professionals, and decision-makers who have the responsibility of improving pedestrian safety at the state or local level. FHWA, 2009
Impaired Driving Guidebook: Three Keys to Renewed Focus and Success
According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), in the U.S. in 2004,
16,694 people were killed in crashes involving alcohol, representing 39% of the 42,636 people
killed in all traffic crashes. GHSA, NHTSA, MADD, & National Sheriffs Assoc.
Implementation Guide for the National Agenda for Motorcycle Safety
The purpose of this guide is to help State and community organizations improve motorcycle safety by implementing relevant National Agenda for Motorcycle Safety (NAMS) recommendations. NAMS is a comprehensive plan to improve United States motorcycle safety in the 21st century. Containing several recommendations, NAMS provides overall goals, but it does not contain specific action steps. This guide attempts to fill this gap by presenting more concrete strategies for achieving safety objectives. NHTSA.
Implementation Guide for Managers
The HSM is a potentially transformative document for Departments of Transportation (DOT) and other agencies responsible for the planning, design, construction, and operation of their highway systems. Under current practices agency actions are based on results from proven, science-based tools to measure or estimate effects of traffic operations, of a myriad environmental factors, and of the many aspects of capital and life-cycle costs. However, no proven and accepted tools or methods for understanding explicit safety effects existed in the past in a central document. With publication of the HSM, DOTs and other agencies now for the first time have access to a proven and science-based means of characterizing the explicit safety effects (i.e., crash frequency and severity) of decisions and actions of an agency.
Implementing the High Risk Rural Roads Program
This document contains findings from research and subsequent follow-up to States' implementation of the High Risk Rural Roads Program (HRRRP) within the context of States' programs and policies. FHWA, March 2010.
Improving Highway Safety at Bridges On Local Roads
Effective low cost methods of improving and enhancing bridge and bridge approach safety. USDOT & FHWA.
Incident Sign Installation Guide
Information on how, when, and where to install incident related signs. USDA Forest Service.
Increasing Teen Safety Belt Use
The authors of the report undertook a comprehensive review of scientific literature, state and federal government reports and other sources of information to determine the magnitude of the teen safety belt use problem and to identify and summarize programs, interventions and strategies that can potentially increase safety belt use by teens. Specific strategies discussed include legislation, enforcement, combined efforts, technological approaches, peer-led approaches, counseling and parental involvement. USDOT & NHTSA, September 2005.
Interactive Highway Safety Design Model (IHSDM)
Made especially for highway planners and designers, this CD was initially focused on two-lane rural highways. USDOT & FHWA.
International Safety Equipment Association
The the International Safety Equipment Association's website with news and information about standards and government relations. ISEA.
Intersection Safety: A Manual for Local Rural Road Owners
More than 20 percent of all traffic fatalities in the United States occur at intersections and over 80 percent of intersection-related fatalities in rural areas occur at unsignalized intersections. This document provides information on effectively identifying intersection safety issues in local areas, choosing the countermeasures that address them, and evaluating the benefits of those treatments. It offers information on the procedures and processes to improve the safety of local rural unsignalized intersections and to reduce the potential for future crashes. FHWA.
Local and Rural Safety Peer-to-Peer Program
This brochure explains the Peer-to-Peer Program, created by the FHWA. The program is a form of technical assistance for local and rural highway agencies to adequately address safety problems on the roads they maintain. Experts with knowledge in various local and rural road safety issues
volunteer their time to provide assistance to their peers requesting help.
Local Roads Safety Resource CD
This CD offers information on safety for local roads, including statistics on crash data, crash types, FHWA safety programs, and local roads safety research. Also included is outreach material on road user safety. USDOT & FHWA.
Low Cost Treatments for Horizontal Curve Safety
This report examines practical information on low-cost treatments that may be applied at horizontal curves to address identified or potential safety problems. The report describes the treatment, shows examples, suggests when a treatment might be applicable, provides design features, and provides information on the potential safety effectiveness and costs when the information is available. USDOT & FHWA.
Lyme Disease and modes of transmission. CDC/Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases
Lyme Disease ID Card
Has information on lyme disease exposure, precaution, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. Gundersen Medical Foundation.
Low Cost Local Road Safety Solutions
Local jurisdictions focus on proven low cost safety solutions. Most of the solutions provided are applied to rural locations, but would also be appropriate urban areas. ATSSA & NACE.
Low-Cost Treatments for Horizontal Curve Safety
There are numerous strategies or treatments agencies can apply to a single horizontal curve or a winding road section to address a safety problem. This publication includes only those engineering treatments that are relatively low cost, as compared to reconstructing the curve or road section to improve the geometric design features, such as degree and length of curve, superelevation, cross section, and shoulders. FHWA December 2006
LTAP & TTAP Times
The April 2006 Newsletter of the the Federal Highway Administration's Local and Tribal Assistance Technical Programs. Features the article "New Hampshire LTAP Brings Equipment and Agencies Together," which discusses the devastating floods of last year and the responses made by NH cities and towns using the Mutual Aid Program. National LTAP & FHWA.
Making the Case for Transportation Safety - Ideas for Decision Makers
This document presents 20 case studies of noteworthy transportation safety practices throughout the U.S. involving stakeholders at all levels of transportation safety. It features examples from State departments of transportation, Tribes, transit agencies, metropolitan planning organizations, highway safety offices, and enforcement agencies. The document also describes the importance of
integrating safety into the transportation planning process and lists transportation safety resources. USDOT, FHWA, & TSP, September 2008.
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
Material Safety Data Sheets and other Health and Safety Links. Philadelphia College of Pharmacy & Science.
Motor Grader Operation-Safety Brief
This document provides necessary information for employees who need to know how to operate a motor grader properly and safely. Connecticut Technology Transfer Center.
National Workzone Safety Information Clearinghouse
The National Work Zone Safety Information Clearinghouse is dedicated to providing the transportation construction industry and the general public with comprehensive information to improve motorist, worker and pedestrian safety in roadway work zones.
New Hampshire Excavators Manual
Dig-Safe, an underground utility damage prevention program in New Hampshire. This manual will help ensure public safety and minimize damage to underground facilities. NH Public Utilities Commission Safety Division, January 2006.
Nine Proven Safety Countermeasures
This FHWA sheet lists nine countermeasures, descriptions, the cost range, data, benefits and additional information. FHWA.
Noise Induced Hearing Loss: Safety Brief
This publication describes hearing loss that is induced by excessive noise, and outlines prevention and safety techniques when working with loud equipment. Connecticut Technology Transfer Center
Occupational Safety and Health Administration Certification
This site informs about RSA 277:5-a, which is about the safety and health of employees in building construction and repair work, and the requirement of OSHA. NH General Court.
Partnering with State Highway Safety Offices
The publication explains how SHSOs develop their programs and how the community can be effective partners. It offers examples of how diverse groups such as the Fellowship of Christian Athletes and Virginia's Historically Black Colleges and Universities have successfully partnered with their SHSOs on collaborative projects. GHSA and NHTSA, 2004.
Pedestrian Forum - Spring 2010
The spring edition of the Federal Highway Administration's Pedestrian Forum Newsletter is now available. The newsletter highlights efforts by the FHWA and its partners to improve the safety of walking and bicycling as a mode of transportation. FHWA
Pedestrian Safety Guide for Transit Agencies
The guide emphasizes the importance of solving pedestrian safety issues through partnerships between transit agencies and state and local transportation agencies, municipalities, and consumer interest groups, all of which can affect roadways and the pedestrian infrastructure. FHWA, February 2008.
Portable Ladder Safety Tips
Quick facts card outlining safety tips and accident prevention for working with portable ladders. OSHA.
Protecting Workers from the Effects of Heat
This safety brief is intended to help workers understand heat stress, and the effects it may have on their health and safety. The document also outlines how it can be prevented. Connecticut Technology Transfer Center
Protective Equipment for Hurricane and Flood Relief
The purpose of this safety brief is to provide general guidance for personal protective equipment (PPE) for workers responding in hurricane flood zones. PPE selection and use is site and task specific. General guidelines must be adapted to specific conditions. These recommendations focus on the following hazards associated with response activities: Sharp jagged debris, Floodwater exposure, and Electrical hazards. CT LTAP, 2010.
Protect Yourself: Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Quick Facts card regarding how to protect one's self from carbon monoxide poisoning. OSHA.
Protect Yourself: Crane Safety
Quick Facts card outlining crane safety and accident prevention. OSHA.
Protect Yourself: Lead in Construction
Quick Facts card outlining safety precautions for working with lead in construction. OSHA.
Protect Yourself: Permit Required Confined Spaces
Quick Facts card outlining the specifications for confined spaces that require permits. OSHA.
Protect Yourself: West Nile Virus
Quick facts card outlining strategies on how to protect one's self from the West Nile Virus. OSHA.
Quantifying Safety in the Road Safety Audit Process
The Quantifying Safety in the Road Safety Audit (RSA) Process guide describes and illustrates opportunities to incorporate the latest tools and techniques to quantify safety in the RSA process. The target audience includes RSA program managers, RSA study teams, and those supporting RSA study teams. The purpose of this guide is to help raise awareness of opportunities to apply crash modification factors in the RSA process. The objectives are to identify opportunities to apply CMFs in the various steps of the RSA process, describe the process of applying CMFs to quantify safety, and explain potential challenges related to the application of CMFs and opportunities to overcome those challenges. Readers will better understand the purpose of CMFs and how they can be applied in the RSA process.
Real-world Application of Crash Modification Factors
Crash modification factors (CMFs) support a number of safety-related activities in the project development process. The CMFs in Practice series includes five separate guides that identify opportunities to consider and quantify safety in specific activities, including roadway safety management processes, road safety audits, design decisions and exceptions, development and analysis of alternatives, and value engineering. the purpose of the CMFs in Practice series is to illustrate the value of CMFs in these five activities and demonstrate practical application of CMFs.
Recommended procedures for the Safety Performance Evaluation of Highway Features
Recommended procedures for evaluating the safety performance of various highway safety features. These procedures are based on a comprehensive literature review, an analysis of the state of the art for performance evaluation, and the advice of a selected group of acknowledged experts. NCHRP Report 350.
A Resident's Guide for Creating Safe and Walkable Communities
This guide is intended to assist residents, parents, community association members, and others in getting involved in making communities safer for pedestrians. The guide includes facts, ideas, and resources to help residents learn about traffic problems that affect pedestrians and find ways to help address these problems and promote pedestrian safety. The guide includes infomation on identifying problems, taking action to address pedestrian concerns, finding solutions to improve pedestrian safety, and resources to get additional information. FHWA, February 2008.
Risk-Based Transportation Asset Management: Managing Risks to Networks, Corridors, and Critical Structures
As transportation agencies develop their asset management plans, it is likely that they will stratify their risks based upon the importance of the key networks, corridors and facilities. This report, the fourth in a series of five reports on risk management, examines how agencies may apply risk-based asset management practices to key networks, corridors and facilities, particularly ones moving freight. The first three reports covered an overview of risk management, multi-level management of risks and achievement of policy objectives through risk management.
Road Engineering and Construction Practices for Cold Regions
Includes multimedia presentations that explain the principles of science and engineering related to road engineering and construction for cold regions. FHWA.
Road Safety Information Analysis: A Manual for Local Rural Road Owners
This document was developed to provide data collection and analysis techniques as well as other processes applicable to the local practitioner to help improve the safety of local rural roads. The information will acquaint local practitioners – regardless of background or experience level – with the sources, calculations, tools, and methods to make data-supported decisions regarding local rural road safety. FHWA.
Road System Traffic Safety Review
The course describes a method of systematically reviewing roads throughout a local jurisdiction to make annual road safety improvements, primarily related to consistent application of signs and markings. This method is particularly attractive to rural local governments, and compliments other recommended practices and courses, including Road Safety Audits (RSA), low cost safety improvements (LCSI), Strategic Highway Safety Plans, and the use of sound engineering judgment. USDOT & FHWA.
Roads Can Be Safer, Top Federal Highway Official Says
A Brief summary of nine tools that are key to reducing roadway fatalities each year. FHWA.
Roadway Departure Safety
The U.S. Federal Highway Administration has created this website that includes information and guidance designed to lead to safer roads and roadsides. USDOT & FHWA.
Roadway Departure Safety: A Manual for Local Rural Road Owners
This document provides information on effectively identifying roadway departure safety issues in local areas, choosing the countermeasures that address them, and evaluating the benefits of those treatments. This document offers information on the procedures and processes to improve the safety of local rural roadways and to reduce the potential for future roadway departure crashes. FHWA.
Roadway Safety: A Road Construction Industry Consortium Training Program
The Roadway Safety Awareness Program provides an overview of common hazards in highway and road construction and simple prevention measures. It is designed for use by supervisory personnel with some safety and health experience or by safety and health personnel to orient new workers as they arrive on the jobsite. USDOT & FHWA, 2009.
Roadway Safety: Disaster Response
Interactive, informative, and animated self-guided training that provides an in-depth overview of Emergency and Disaster response. Features include information about action plans to deal with natural or man-made incidents, how DR differs from road work, incident command systems, possible health issues, special safety issues, how workers and contractors can prepare to respond, safety near equipment, how to be aware of work zone and TTCD hazards, night work safety, and much more. ARTBA, 2008.
Roadway Safety for Motorcycles
Tips for designing, constructing, and maintaining roadways for increased motorcycle safety. FHWA
Roadway Safety Guide
This Guide is designed to provide local elected officials and other community leaders with basic information to improve roadway safety in their communities. Written for nonengineers, it is designed to be a hands-on, user-friendly document, providing community leaders with Strategies they can use right away to begin making roads safer. Basic information to improve roadway safety in cooperation with state and local transportation departments, highway engineers, highway safety officials, Safe Communities groups, and other safety programs. Clear descriptions of key funding and decision making processes that affect roadway safety. Roadway Safety Foundation.
Roadway Safety: NACE Action Guide
Problem and cost of accidents; agency management, operations, and training; roadway geometrics and features; traffic control devices; and work zone safety. NACE, 2000.
Roadway Safety Tools for Local Agencies
This publication is intended to instruct local agencies in best practices to improve safety and reduce auto accidents and fatalities. NHCRP, 2003.
Roadway Safety Tools for Local Agencies
This synthesis will be of interest to local government agencies as they select tools and develop programs to implement road and street safety improvements. It recognizes the wide variation in the operations and responsibilities of local agencies and acknowledges that the level of expertise in transportation safety analysis also varies greatly. The guiding principle of this synthesis was to examine the tools and procedures that are practical, relatively easy to apply, and can be implemented by agencies with limited financial support and personnel. TRB.
Roundabouts - A Safer Choice
A brief pamphlet that clearly and concisely explains the benefits of roundabouts. FHWA.
RSA (Road Safety Audit) Making Your Roads Safer
A guide outlining what an RSA is, how to conduct one, and what the benefits are. FHWA.
Safety Evaluation of Converting Traffic Signals From Incandescent to Light-Emitting Diodes
Across the Nation, many agencies have been replacing conventional incandescent light bulbs in traffic signals with light-emitting diodes (LED). LEDs are primarily installed to reduce energy consumption and decrease maintenance. In addition, LEDs are expected to last much longer compared with incandescent bulbs and tend to age gradually. However, a recent study revealed several potential problems with LEDs, including their inability to melt snow and issues related to visual discomfort caused by glare at night. FHWA.
Safe Road Maps - Envisioning Safer Roads
This website is a ground-breaking tool that combines information from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System with Google Maps to give a visual representation of traffic safety across the entire nation. With this system, you can enter an address and view the roads that have the highest number of traffic fatalities in a specified area. You can also view dynamically generated maps that show how public policy has been implemented to improve transportation safety by region. Center for Excellence in Rural Safety.
Roadway or lane departure is an emphasis area in every State’s strategic highway safety plan. One of the most severe and high-profile types of roadway departure crashes is cross-median crashes on divided roads. Proven, cost-effective strategies to reduce the frequency and severity of these crashes are necessary to address this problem. Many agencies have installed widespread shoulder rumble strips to reduce the frequency of run-off-road crashes and rigid or cable median barriers to prevent errant vehicles from crossing over the median into oncoming traffic. FHWA.
Safety Evaluation of Discontinuing Late-Night Flash Operations At Signalized Intersections
During late-night flash (LNF) mode (from late night to early morning hours), traffic signals flash yellow for one road (typically, the major road), requiring caution but no stopping, and flash red for the other road (typically, the minor road), requiring drivers to stop and then proceed through the intersection after yielding to the traffic on the major road. The intent of LNF is to reduce energy consumption and delay during periods of low traffic demand. However, in recent years, many agencies have begun replacing LNF with normal phasing operation because of safety concerns. FHWA.
ELRSs are a variation of the common SRSs used to alert drowsy or distracted drivers when they leave the travel lane to the right. SRSs and ELRSs both target ROR crashes. FHWA.
Several studies have produced CMFs and crash modification functions (CMFunctions) for curve radii on rural two-lane roads. FHWA.
In recent years, there has been an increased interest in the widespread installation of low-cost safety treatments throughout an entire jurisdiction. The South Carolina Department of Transportation (SCDOT) embraced this approach in its intersection safety improvement plan and identified a number of low-cost strategies for implementation at signalized intersections statewide. Typical low-cost treatments at signalized intersections in South Carolina included improvements to basic signing, pavement markings, and traffic signals. FHWA.
RLILs—also known as signal indicator lights, enforcement lights, rat lights or boxes, or tattletale lights—are mounted on the signal head or mast arm and activate simultaneously with the red interval. This allows an enforcement officer downstream to identify if a vehicle has violated the red interval. FHWA.
RCUTs are also known as superstreets, J-turns, reduced conflict intersections, and synchronized streets. Ten States have installed more than 50 RCUTs since the late 1980s.(1) At least five States have installed signalized RCUTs—those at which the major street crossover(s) and U-turn crossover(s) are under the control of traffic signals. Studies have shown RCUTs to have advantages over traditional intersections in terms of travel time and delay, signal progression, pedestrian crossing, and transit service. FHWA.
Improving access management near unsignalized intersections and reducing the frequency and severity of intersection conflicts are two objectives to improve unsignalized intersection safety in the National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 500 Guide, Volume 5: A Guide for Addressing Unsignalized Intersection Collisions. Restricting or eliminating turning maneuvers is a key element of several related strategies. FHWA.
Safety State Fact Sheets
The fact sheets present the emphasis areas each state has identified in their approved Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHSP) as part of the overall strategy to reduce fatalities and serious injuries.
A snapshot of transportation safety related fatality data is shown to give the reader insight regarding fatalities in their state. Data drawn from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) show: 1) Ten-year trends in total fatalities and fatality rates per 100 million vehicle miles traveled (VMT; 2) Safety focus areas and their corresponding percentages of total crash fatalities; and 3) Fatalities broken down by roadway classification.Transportation Safety Planners (TSP).
Seeing in the Dark Improving Understanding of Driver Visibility Requirements at Night
What visual cues aid drivers the most as they drive at night? Advancing knowledge and understanding of how drivers acquire and act on visual information while driving at night is the goal of "Increased Understanding of Driver Visibility Requirements," an Exploratory Advanced Research (EAR) Program project launched by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) in 2008. FHWA.
State Highway Safety Documents
In SAFETEA-LU, Congress directed NHTSA to make publicly available, on its website, the following publications: State Highway Safety Plans, State Annual Reports and Management Reviews/Special Management Information. Click the link above to access the NHTSA web page containing links to these documents. NHTSA.
Strategic Highway Safety Plan - Evaluation Process Model
This document provides an evaluation process model (EPM) that States can use to support a program evaluation of their Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHSP). Program evaluation looks at the overall SHSP and helps States assess their SHSP’s process and performance. Safety improvements depend on a program of data-driven priorities and proven effective strategies. Evaluation helps States achieve such a program by determining whether current SHSP activities deserve enhancement, revision, or replacement. In addition, the Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) requires regularly recurring SHSP evaluation to ensure the accuracy of data and proposed strategies; the EPM can help States address this evaluation requirement as well. The EPM features discussions on four basic evaluation components (planning for evaluation, process evaluation, performance evaluation, and using evaluation results). For each component, the document provides background information and recommended actions, as well as checklists (Chapters 1 and 4) and self assessment questions (Chapters 2 and 3) for practitioners to use to evaluate their SHSP. SHSP leaders and managers can benefit from considering the information and recommendations in this document. Regions, localities, tribes, and theirs may also find the EPM useful for evaluating safety plans.
Strategic Highway Safety Plan - NH
The Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHSP) is an outgrowth of the reauthorization of federal highway funding (under SAFETEA-LU, 23 USC 148), with the purpose of clearly identifying the State's critical safety needs and developing strategies to achieve significant reductions in fatalities and serious injury crashes on all public roads. 2007.
Speed Management: FHWA Safety Program
Speeding -- defined as exceeding the posted speed limit or driving too fast for conditions -- is one of the most prevalent factors that contribute to traffic crashes. Speeding was a contributing factor in 31 percent of fatal crashes in 2006. The economic cost of speeding-related crashes is estimated at $40.4 billion a year. USDOT & FHWA.
Systemic Safety Project Selection Tool
The Systemic Safety Project Selection Tool presents a process for incorporating systemic safety planning into traditional safety management processes. The Systemic Tool provides a step-by-step process for conducting systemic safety analysis; considerations for determining a reasonable distribution between the implementation of spot safety improvements and systemic safety improvements; and a mechanism for quantifying the benefits of safety improvements implemented through a systemic approach. The tool is intended for use by transportation safety practitioners in state, county, and local government agencies to plan, implement, and evaluate systemic safety improvement programs and projects that best meet their capabilities and needs.
Tailgate Safety Talks
This document explains important safety measures when operating a backhoe. Ohio Dept. of Transportation.
The Art of Appropriate Evaluation: A Guide for Highway Safety Program Managers
Targeted to state or local traffic safety project directors and managers with an interest in program evaluation, this guide covers what type of evaluation is reasonable for the different types of programs, how to maximize the success of a program evaluation and where to go for help. It also contains a glossary of some basic evaluation terms. US DOT & National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, December 2008.
The Role of Public Works in Emergency Response: What is Happening in Connecticut?
A presentation was given by Mike Turner – Public Works Director – Town of Wethersfield providing an overview of lessons learned from the public works response to the Wethersfield Tornado that occurred on 6/26/09. These are the roundtable discussion notes from the presentation. Connecticut T2 Center
The TIC Flagger's Handbook
This website maintained by the Wisconsin Transportation Information Center contains many useful publications, including the TIC's Flagger's handbook, which includes Flagger Do's and Don'ts and other useful information. WI LTAP.
Toolbox of Countermeasures and Their Potential Effectiveness for Pedestrian Crashes
This document provides crash reduction data that might be expected if a specific countermeasure or group of countermeasures is implemented with respect to pedestrian crashes. The crash reduction estimates are presented as Crash Reduction Factors (CRFs). FHWA 2008.
Traffic Incident Management Handbook
The U.S. Federal Highway Administration's Office of Operations has released the 2010 version of a handbook that explores advances in traffic incident management (TIM) programs and practices, and highlights the latest innovations in TIM tools and technologies. FHWA 2010.
Traffic Safety Facts
This brief report offers municipalities facts on traffic safety and crashes. NHTSA 2009.
Traffic Safety Primer - Technical Brief
This document is designed to aid elected officials in understanding traffic safety, and what their options are to help keep their roads safe in their communities. Connecticut Technology Transfer Center
This is a safety watch talk by Amy Materson for Equipment World.
Tree Trimming Removal Safety Tips
Quick facts card outlining how to safely trim trees. OSHA.
Uniform Guidelines for State Highway Safety Programs
These guidelines offer direction to States in formulating their highway safety plans for highway safety efforts that are supported with section 402 and other grant funds. The guidelines provide a framework for developing a balanced highway safety program and serve as a tool with which States can assess the effectiveness of their own programs. NHTSA encourages States to use these guidelines and build upon them to optimize the effectiveness of highway safety programs conducted at the State and local levels. NHTSA.
Vehicle Safety: Avoiding Backing Accidents
A few tips on how to avoid accidents when backing up in a vehicle. RI T2 Center
Workplace and Equipment Safety Fact Sheet
Summarizes safety precautions over a wide range of topics from hard hat use to solid waste collection safety. PA LTAP & KS LTAP.
Workplace Safety Toolkit
Toolkit to protect employees and volunteers. It provides information on workplace safety, building effective workplace safety programs and a number of checklists and fact sheets regarding workplace safety. Nonprofit Risk Management Center.
Workzone Modeling and Simulation: A Guide for Decision-Makers
This document is intended to provide guidance to decision-makers at agencies and jurisdictions
considering the role of analytical tools in work zone planning and management. USDOT & FHWA, August 2008.
Guidelines for Construction, Maintenance, and Utility Operations
This interactive CD contains training materials for workzone safety; simulations on work performed on the roadside, shoulders, and urban streets; lane closings on multiple roadways and divided roadways; and intersections and walkways. Rutgers University & Advanced Technology Concepts, Inc.
Work Zone Safety and Mobility Rule Implementation Resource
This CD contains resources to assist agencies with implementation of the Rule. These resources are meant to provide general guidance, lay out some fundamental principles, and present agencies with some options and ideas for how to implement the provisions of the Rule in the context of their own agency. USDOT & FHWA.
Workzone Safety for Roadway Maintenance
This CD is an interactive multimedia training course. Advanced Technology Concepts, 2000.
Workzone Safety Inspection Training Course (1998)
This CD includes powerpoint presentation (with 120 slides/overheads). USDOT & FHWA.
The National Work Zone Safety Information Clearinghouse is dedicated to providing the transportation construction industry and the general public with comprehensive information to improve motorist, worker and pedestrian safety in roadway work zones.
Workzone Traffic Control Flipbook
This is a guide for municipalities of Maine and New Hampshire. Maine Local Roads, April 2006.
Workzone Training Law Enforcement Course
This CD includes a pocket guide, an instructors guide, a participant workbook, powerpoint training modules, promotional flyer, website links and other essential information. USDOT & FHWA, 2006.
Workzone Traffic Safety During Disaster Recovery Efforts
This pamphlet is intended to explain the hazards of workzones during disaster recovery efforts, and to instruct crews on how to protect themselves around moving equipment and traffic. OSHA.